Five Mistakes To Avoid When Approaching An Investor

All these investors claim that there are not enough opportunities out there to invest in, yet when I send them my business plan, I don’t even get a response.

Illustration: Betanews
Illustration: Betanews

Considering that venture capital investors get tens of thousands of business plans, investor decks and other pitches annually, it is hardly surprising that not all of them get an investment.  Based on reactions to one of my previous posts on investor feedback, it seems that a lot of entrepreneurs don’t even receive a response to their presentation. At the end of the day this is investor’s fault. But there are certain mistakes that I have seen entrepreneurs approaching Credo commit over and over again, which significantly diminish the chance of any investor reacting to the pitch. And they are pretty easy to fix. Here are the top five, which anyone can and should avoid:

1. Your startup doesn’t fit investor’s criteria

If Credo’s website says we invest in IT, internet, mobile and health startups in the CEE region, we are not going to invest in a gold mine in Mongolia. If the site says we invest in seed or Series A stage, we are not going to make an angel investment.

It is not that hard to research the fund’s site and portfolio to find out what kind of investments it is looking for. Some people say that if the fund has already invested in a startup in the same space as you, you shouldn’t bother asking for a meeting. While I agree that the chances of receiving an investment from a fund that has already invested in your space are pretty slim, definitely try to get a meeting, because you can gain access to a ton of market intelligence. It is more efficient to learn from the mistakes of others than from your own.

2. You cold call potential investors

This may sound more difficult than it really is: don’t send your pitch unannounced, especially to generic email addresses such as And no, mailing in a hard copy also doesn’t help.

Try to get introduced to any member of the investment team before sending the pitch – the more senior, the better. Leverage your network; do your LinkedIn/Angel List research. If you come out empty-handed, attend a conference where these investors speak/participate in: on average, one of our team members is at least at one conference per month. Follow the investors you are interested in on Twitter; I announce all the conferences I am attending on my account. I still spend a significant portion of networking time at a conference talking to friends or people I already know, and I would not say no to hearing a pitch, since that’s one of the primary reasons for attending.

If for some reason you are not able to meet the investor, try at least asking someone affiliated with the fund to make the introduction: investors of the fund, CEOs of portfolio companies, etc.

3. Your introductory email doesn’t contain relevant information

I am still very surprised at how many startups don’t fundraise with a proper deck or are not able to write a clear executive summary in the body of their introductory email. Getting the investor deck right is an art, but anyone who follows the criteria outlined in this presentation passed the minimum acceptable quality bar for Credo. Even angel investor decks have their guidelines.

The accompanying email is equally important – make it short and make sure it includes at least:

  • Where I know you from;
  • What your company does – in one sentence;
  • What you are asking forM
  • Anything to spark my interest: traction, committed investors, even something out of the box (“Andrej, I am a regular contributor to your favorite charity”).

4. You hire an advisor 

This is a big no for any startup below at least Series B level. If you, your team & existing investors are not able to raise an investment without an advisor, you can be pretty sure that the advisor is not going to help (unless you are willing to try the exotic route, such as a Dubai-based investment fund). Advisors can be very useful at an exit, but not for taking an early stage investment.

The advisor might brag that he has a lot of connections – this might be true, but investors in general hate receiving pitches from advisors, so the quality of such introduction is very low. I recommend sticking to strategies laid out in point 2 when it comes to connecting with investors.

The advisor might claim that he can prepare a better presentation and financial model than you can. This is definitely not true – stick to the guidelines from point 3 when it comes to the investor deck. And when it comes to the financial model – you don’t need an overcomplicated Excel monster; as a matter of fact, most investors don’t have the time to study it anyway. If you know your market well enough, you can create a basic model with important numbers without outside help. And if the investor likes you and your company, he will help you prepare a more in-depth model, which you can then use as a budget.

Investors don’t like the advisors much because, in their minds, advisors don’t add value to the startup and yet get paid for it. Maybe some investors like using advisors; would be curious to learn why. I don’t think Credo has ever made an investment in a startup with an advisor.

5. Your startup doesn’t make sense

At the end of the day, all of these tips will be worthless if your startup doesn’t make sense. Does it solve a real problem? Does it solve it 10x better than today’s solutions? Do you have the right team to pull it off?

If you don’t have answers to all these questions (and a bunch more), even the best connections and most beautiful investor deck are not going to help you.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.



John Biggs at TechCrunch Balkans in Sofia: There is a Way Out of This Media Black Hole!

The first TechCrunch Balkans meetup in Sofia begun with a loud whistle from Dilyan Dimitrov, founder of the Bulgarian accelerator Eleven, the host of this event. It was startup time! That is right, TechCrunch Balkans, organized by Netocratic, is being held throughout this week – we will have lectures, panels and the most important thing – pitches in front of John Biggs!


Combine Technical And Marketing Knowledge Within Your Startup Team

You've probably heard about Bellabeat, FlyKly, or Layer? Well, three years ago they didn't exist! Now they are at the top of their industries, but how did they do it? Was it enough only to have the right idea or did they also need to have knowledge to conduct business in today’s competitive environment? Specifically, what kind of knowledge do startups need to succeed and not repeat the many mistakes of the 90% of startups that fail?


Slovenian ‘Booze’ Startup Flaviar Raises 400.000 $ from Speedinvest!

Slovene-British startup Flaviar announced today that it raised a seed round of 400k $ from American fund Speedinvest. This one year old company ships monthly tasting packs of 5 sample spirits (whisky, rum, gin, vodka, etc.) to their members, each month with a different theme.

What you missed


6 Important Areas Often Overlooked by Product Leaders

Attending Product Management Festival 2017 (PMF 2017) in Zurich, Switzerland, and meeting amazing product professionals inspired me to go deeper into six important areas that are often neglected or entirely overlooked by product leaders.


The Latest Mind Innovations in Product Management

Announcing the 2-day conference showcasing top notch topics in product management.


US Outbrain acquires Slovenian Zemanta

At their 10th anniversary, the Slovenian high-tech company Zemanta d.o.o. announced that it was entirely acquired by Outbrain from the US, the world’s largest premium content discovery platform. The sum that Outbrain paid for Zemanta’s technology, products and team remains a business secret, and Zemanta’s co-founders Andraž Tori and Boštjan Špetič will join Outbrain. After becoming part of Outbrain Zemanta’s platform will continue to operate as a standalone product.


‘Fintech’ companies currently ought to buckle down and do what they do best – write code

Novathon #withPBZ is getting closer. This 24 hour-long brainstorming, coding and design event will attract designers, developers, students and others interested in creating a banking app, and the winning team will go home with as much as €10,000. Besides the mentors, the teams will be motivated by the financial expert Chris Skinner, to whom we had the opportunity to talk about the state of the financial technology industry.


Scaling Agile with Peter Brussard, Rosetta Stone

At the beginning of June, at Shift Developer Conference in Split, Croatia, Peter Brussard, Senior Vice President of Product at Rosetta Stone, Inc. shared professional insights about successful implications of lean agile development and elements at a global enterprise scale.


Frame Raises $16 Million in Series A – Microsoft Ventures Among Investors

Frame, a US-Serbian company, has secured $16 million of funding. Among the investors is also Microsoft Ventures – the investment branch of one of the biggest technology companies nowadays. With its teams in San Francisco, Belgrade and Niš, Frame is going to use the money for employment of software engineers as well as sales and marketing expansion – particularly in Europe and Asia, as revealed for Netokracija exclusively.